Posted by: fourthgradesekblog | April 30, 2014

WILL AND GOING TO

WILL    AND    GOING TO

Both tenses are future tenses. We use the will-future for predictions, assumptions, promises and when we do something spontaneously. We use the going to-future with planned actions. Examples:

When we want to talk about future facts or things we believe to be true about the future, we use ‘will’.

  • The President will serve for four years.
  • The boss won’t be very happy.
  • I’m sure you’ll like her.
  • I’m certain he’ll do a good job.

If we are not so certain about the future, we use ‘will’ with expressions such as ‘probably’, ‘possibly’, ‘I think’, ‘I hope’.

  • I hope you’ll visit me in my home one day.
  • She’ll probably be a great success.
  • I’ll possibly come but I may not get back in time.
  • I think we’ll get on well.

If you are making a future prediction based on evidence in the present situation, use ‘going to’.

  • Not a cloud in the sky. It’s going to be another warm day.
  • Look at the queue. We’re not going to get in for hours.
  • The traffic is terrible. We’re going to miss our flight.
  • Be careful! You’re going to spill your coffee.

At the moment of making a decision, use ‘will’. Once you have made the decision, talk about it using ‘going to’.

  • I’ll call Jenny to let her know. Sarah, I need Jenny’s number. I’m going to call her about the meeting.
  • I’ll come and have a drink with you but I must let Harry know. Harry, I’m going to have a drink with Simon.
Posted by: fourthgradesekblog | March 6, 2014

ADVERBS

 

adverbs-of-place

presnte-simple. adv of manner

Adverbs of Frequency

With the present simple,we often use adverbs of frequency to say ‘how often’

we do something. Here’s a list of common adverbs:

    • always

    • frequently

    • generally

    • hardly ever

    • infrequently

    • never

    • normally

    • occasionally

    • often

    • rarely

    • regularly

    • seldom

    • sometimes

    • usually

We usually put these adverbs in the middle of the sentence, between

the subject and the verb:

    • I often go to the cinema.

    • She sometimes visits me at home.

    • We usually drink coffee.

We can also put them at the very beginning or end of the sentence.

This makes them stronger:

    • Often I go to the cinema.

    • I go to the cinema often.

  • But never: I go often to the cinema.

adverbs of frequencies

images

descarga

adverbios de frecuencia ingles

Posted by: fourthgradesekblog | April 2, 2013

ADJECTIVES AND PRONOUNS

POSSESSIVES – ADJECTIVES AND PRONOUNS

Posted by: fourthgradesekblog | February 26, 2013

SIMPLE PRESENT CONTINUOUS

imagesCATTLYSN

       SIMPLE PRESENT CONTINUOUS

1.We use the Present Continuous Tense to talk about activities happening now.

Examples 
The kids are watching TV.
I am sitting down, because I am tired.

 

2.We can also use the Present Continuous Tense to talk about activities happening around now, and not necessarily this very moment.

Examples
Sally is studying really hard for her exams this week.

I am reading a really interesting book now.

 

3.The Present Continuous Tense is also used to talk about activities happening in the near future, especially for planned future events.

Examples

I am seeing my dentist on Wednesday.

Polly is coming for dinner tomorrow.

Posted by: fourthgradesekblog | February 15, 2013

Parts of a Castle

Parts of a Castle               castle2

Posted by: fourthgradesekblog | January 16, 2013

THE LEGEND OF OSIRIS

 

Osiris Myth

Posted by: fourthgradesekblog | December 5, 2012

LET´S BUILD A MACHINE!

Let´s build a machine

Posted by: fourthgradesekblog | October 19, 2012

Learn English past tense forms of verbs

Past Tense-Irregular

Past Tense- Regular

Simple Past Tense

FORM

[VERB+ed] or irregular verbs

Examples:

  • You called Debbie.
  • Did you call Debbie?
  • You did not call Debbie.

USE 1 Completed Action in the Past

Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past.

Sometimes, the speaker may not actually mention the specific time, but they do have one specific time in mind.

Examples:

  • I saw a movie yesterday.
  • I didn’t see a play yesterday.
  • Last year, I traveled to Japan.

USE 2 A Series of Completed Actions

We use the Simple Past to list a series of completed actions in the past. These actions happen 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and so on.

Examples:

  • I finished work, walked to the beach, and found a nice place to swim.
  • He arrived from the airport at 8:00, checked into the hotel at 9:00, and met the others at 10:00.
  • Did you add flour, pour in the milk, and then add the eggs?

USE 3 Duration in Past

The Simple Past can be used with a duration which starts and stops in the past. A duration is a longer action often indicated by expressions such as: for two years, for five minutes, all day, all year, etc.

Examples:

  • I lived in Brazil for two years.
  • Shauna studied Japanese for five years.
  • They sat at the beach all day.

USE 4 Habits in the Past

The Simple Past can also be used to describe a habit which stopped in the past. It can have the same meaning as “used to”.

To make it clear that we are talking about a habit, we often add expressions such as: always, often, usually, never, when I was a child, when I was younger, etc.

Examples:

  • I studied French when I was a child.
  • He played the violin.
  • He didn’t play the piano.

USE 5 Past Facts or Generalizations

The Simple Past can also be used to describe past facts or generalizations which are no longer true.

As in USE 4 above, this use of the Simple Past is quite similar to the expression “used to”

Examples:

  • She was shy as a child, but now she is very outgoing.
  • He didn’t like tomatoes before.
  • Did you live in Texas when you were a kid?
Posted by: fourthgradesekblog | September 24, 2012

Simple Present Tense

Simple present is also called present simple.

Time line

The simple present expresses an action in the present taking place once, never or several times. It is also used for actions that take place one after another and for actions that are set by a timetable or schedule. The simple present also expresses facts in the present.

 

 

POSITIVE FORM

NEGATIVE FORM

QUESTIONS

SHORT ANSWERS

Posted by: fourthgradesekblog | June 5, 2012

Much/Many, A lot of

 

Much/Many, A lot of

 

Much and Many

We use much with noncount nouns and many with count nouns.

  • Many cars are equipped with GPS systems.
  • I ate too many apples.
  • How many trees did you plant this weekend?
  • I don’t know how many girls there are at our school.
  • I don’t have much money.
  • Our teacher gives us too much homework.
  • How much sugar do we have?
  • I don’t know how much water I drank.

A lot of

We use a lot of with noncount nouns and plural count nouns.

  • I ate a lot of apples.
  • A lot of people like to swim at night.
  • That dog has a lot of fleas.
  • Mary bought a lot of furniture.
  • The man gave us a lot of advice.
  • Our teacher gave us a lot of homework.

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